Robotic Surgery is Likely to Play Significant Role in the Future of Healthcare

Anurag Sharma
Anurag Sharma

Updated · Oct 10, 2023


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According to Robotic Surgery Statistics, Robotic Surgery refers to a surgical technique that utilizes robotic systems as an aid to surgeons performing complex procedures with increased precision, dexterity, and control.

It is a form of minimally invasive surgery in which surgeons operate from a console equipped with robotic arms and instruments controlled by hand movements – translating those movements into precise movements of surgical instruments inside patient bodies.

Editor’s Choice

  • Robotic surgeries have increased to 15% of total surgical procedures despite limited evidence supporting them.
  • The global market for robotic surgery systems was valued at $4.45 billion in 2020 and is projected to reach $11.45 billion by 2028, growing at a CAGR of 12.3% from 2021 to 2028.
  • Intuitive Surgical’s da Vinci Surgical System is the world’s most-utilized robotic surgical system with over 5,000 installations worldwide
  • Robotic surgery is most extensively used in urology, with prostatectomy being one of the most common procedures performed using robotic surgery. (Source: European Association of Urology)
  • Studies comparing robotic-assisted surgery and open surgery for colorectal cancer treatment found that patients undergoing robotic-assisted surgery experienced significantly fewer complications (14.1% vs 21.2%) and shorter hospital stays (6.7 vs 8.4 days).
  • In 2022, the global surgical robotics market was valued at around USD 65 billion. By 2030, the market size was forecast to increase to nearly USD 119.7 billion.
Robotic Surgery

Adoption of Robotic Surgery by Hospitals

  • Across 73 hospitals there was an increase in robotic surgery usage from 1.8% to 15.1% for all general surgery procedures.
  • The use of surgery increased by 2.1% per year. (95% CI, 1.9%-2.3%).
  • Hospitals saw an 8.8% increase in surgery within the first four years of adopting the technology.
  • The use of laparoscopic surgery decreased from 53.2% to 51.3% after adopting robotic surgery.
  • In 2018, 753,000 robotic procedures were carried out across the US; these numbers climbed to 883,000 procedures performed in 2019 and then 876,000 procedures in 2020.

According to a Survey by JAMA Network,

  • 42.5% of hospitals that have less than 200 beds have adopted robotic surgery techniques.
  • 15.1% of hospitals that have more than 500 beds have adopted robotic surgery techniques in their hospital.
  • About 84.9% of teaching hospitals have adopted robotic surgery techniques.

Common Surgical Procedures Performed with Robots


Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy is an increasingly popular treatment option for prostate cancer, offering various advantages like reduced blood loss, shorter hospital stay duration, and faster recovery timeframe.

  • In 2019, approximately 87% of prostatectomies performed in the US were carried out via robotic prostatectomy.


Robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy (RALH) is an emerging, minimally invasive solution for removing the uterus. Due to improved visualization and precise surgical movements, its popularity has grown quickly.

  • In 2018, 60.8% of hysterectomies performed in the United States used robotic assistance.

Colorectal Surgery

Robot-assisted cardiac surgery has become an integral component of mitral valve repair, coronary artery bypass grafting, and atrial septal defect closure procedures. Utilizing robotic techniques allows for precise movements with improved visualization at the surgical site.

  • An estimated 18% of mitral valve repair procedures will likely use robotic technology by 2020.

Bariatric Surgery

Robot-assisted bariatric surgery – including procedures like gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy – has become increasingly popular, offering benefits such as decreased postoperative discomfort and faster healing time.

  • In 2019, approximately 7% of bariatric surgeries performed in the US were done with robotic technology.

Safety and Complications in Robotics Surgery

  • The rate of conversion from surgery to open surgery is relatively low ranging from 0.8% to 5%, which is depending upon specific procedures and surgeons’ experience.
  • According to the study low rate of surgical site infections in the surgery, generally ranging from 0.8% to 2.5%.
  • Major complications like bowel injury or vascular injury are rare, with rates generally less than 1%.
  • Studies have reported that the overall complication rate ranges from 4% to 9% with major complications occurring in less than 5% of cases.
  • Complication rates vary depending on the specific procedure, but major complications are generally less than 10%. 

Robotic Surgery Stats, by Country

United States

The United States has long been considered an innovator in robotic surgery, with an ever-increasing number of procedures using robotic systems like those developed by Intuitive Surgical’s da Vinci Surgical System proving popular across different surgical specialties across the country.

  • Data provided by the American Society of Surgery indicates that in 2020 alone, approximately 1.12 million robotic surgery procedures were completed across multiple surgical specialties – such as urology, Gynecology, general surgery, and cardiothoracic surgery.
  • As of 2020, over 5,500 da Vinci systems were installed in hospitals across the country.
  • In 2020, robotic-assisted surgery was used in over 300,000 urological procedures – from prostatectomies and kidney surgeries to bladder surgeries and bladder removal procedures.
  • In 2020 alone, approximately 250,000 gynecological procedures were performed using robotic systems in the United States.
  • In 2020, over 70,000 robotic-assisted general surgery procedures and approximately 30,000 colorectal procedures were performed across the US.


Germany is well known for its advanced healthcare system and advanced surgery capabilities. Numerous hospitals throughout Germany have integrated robotic surgical systems into their practices for specialties like urology, Gynecology, and general surgery.

  • Germany boasts an extensive deployment of robotic surgical systems. As of 2021, more than 180 da Vinci Surgical Systems from Intuitive Surgical had been installed across German hospitals.

(Source: srobotics)


Japan has made major advances in surgery and boasts an exceptional rate of adoption of surgical robots. Japan is widely recognized for developing cutting-edge surgical systems and has been at the forefront of research and development within this field.

  • In 2019, over 20,000 robotic surgeries were performed across the nation, highlighting their growing acceptance and use.
  • In 2021, Japan’s medical and nursing care robot market was estimated at 14.2 billion Japanese yen; by 2027 it is projected to have grown significantly more than 23 billion yen, an impressive surge of growth.

(Source: Statista)


China has seen a rapid expansion of surgery usage over recent years. Urology, general surgery, and Gynecology surgeries have all experienced increased adoption of robotic systems; Chinese hospitals and medical institutions have actively integrated robotic technology into their surgical departments.

  • The robotic surgery market in China accounted for a revenue of USD 1137 million in 2022.
  • In 2021, endoscopy accounted for about 75% of all surgical robot applications in China.
  • The Chinese market for vascular interventional surgery robots is expected to reach 34 million yuan in 2022 and grow to around 5.8 billion yuan in 2030. 
  • As of 2020, there were over 1,000 robotic surgical systems installed in Chinese hospitals.
Anurag Sharma

Anurag Sharma

He has been helping in business of varied scales, with key strategic decisions. He is a specialist in healthcare, medical devices, and life-science, and has accurately predicted the trends in the market. Anurag is a fervent traveller, and is passionate in exploring untouched places and locations. In his free time, he loves to introspect and plan ahead.