Epileptics Statistics 2024 By Gender, Cures, Treatments

Samruddhi Yardi
Samruddhi Yardi

Updated · Jul 5, 2024


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Epileptics Statistics: Epilepsy, a neurological disorder, manifests through recurrent seizures caused by abnormal brain activity. These seizures vary from partial, affecting specific body parts, to generalized, involving the entire body.

Causes include brain injuries, genetic factors, infections, and developmental issues. Diagnosis involves medical history, physical exams, EEG tests, and imaging.

Treatment includes antiepileptic drugs, surgery for severe cases, and lifestyle adjustments such as stress management and regular sleep.

Ongoing research aims to enhance treatments and understanding of epilepsy’s mechanisms, improving outcomes and quality of life for those affected.

Epileptics Statistics

Editor’s Choice

  • South Asia had the highest number of epilepsy cases at 5,272,409 in 2016.
  • As of 2015, the number of active epilepsy cases in the United States varied across different age groups. There were 803,000 cases among individuals aged 18-34 years.
  • Focal seizures, particularly focal impaired awareness seizures. These are the most common seizure types across all age groups, comprising about 36% of all seizure cases.
  • The global epilepsy monitoring devices market revenue is expected to reach USD 7.4 billion by 2033.
  • In 2023, the global epilepsy treatment market revenue was valued at USD 6.5 billion.
  • In 2023, the leading antiepileptic drugs dispensed in England were dominated by Pregabalin, with 9,083,461 items dispensed.
  • In 2024, the UK government announced a £45 million investment in research for epilepsy. Are cancer, and dementia, which aims to accelerate the development of new treatments.

Burden of Epileptics Statistics

  • In 2016, epilepsy posed a significant global health challenge, affecting approximately 46 million people worldwide.
  • Nearly 80% of these cases were concentrated in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Where both prevalence and incidence rates are notably higher than in high-income countries (HICs).
  • This disparity is attributed to various factors, such as different underlying causes, increased rates of injuries, and limited access to healthcare services.
  • Epilepsy accounted for more than 13 million Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) in 2016. Constituting 0.5% of the total disease burden globally.
  • Across different regions, epilepsy ranked between second and eighth in terms of age-standardized DALY rates among all neurological disorders.
  • The burden of idiopathic epilepsy is characterized by genetic causes or cases where no specific cause was identified. It was particularly pronounced in eastern, western, and southern sub-Saharan Africa, central Asia, central and Andean Latin America, and Southeast Asia.

(Source: Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 – The Lancet)

Worldwide Epileptics Statistics

Global Epileptics Prevalence Rates Statistics

  • A systematic review and meta-analysis indicated that epilepsy had an incidence rate of 61.4 per 100,000 person-years.
  • Incidence rates were significantly higher in low/middle-income countries (LMIC) at 139.0 compared to 48.9 in high-income countries (HIC).
  • The overall lifetime prevalence of epilepsy was 7.60 per 1,000 populations, with LMIC reporting higher rates than HIC.
  • The point prevalence of active epilepsy was 6.38 per 1,000. With median rates in LMIC at 6.68 and in HIC at 5.49.
  • Variations in prevalence were also observed across different ethnicities, poorer health statuses, and socially disadvantaged groups.

(Source: Karger)

Number of Epileptics Cases – By Region Statistics

  • In 2016, the number of epilepsy cases varied significantly across different regions.
  • High-income North America reported 1,266,669 cases, while Australasia had 65,797 cases.
  • The high-income Asia-Pacific region recorded 364,894 cases, and Western Europe had 1,525,168 cases.
  • In Southern Latin America, there were 184,053 cases, whereas Eastern Europe and Central Europe reported 431,632 and 358,718 cases, respectively.
  • Central Asia saw 350,725 cases, and Central Latin America had 361,130 cases.
  • Andrean Latin America recorded 261,097 cases, with the Caribbean at 136,726 cases and Tropical Latin America at 848,153 cases.
  • East Asia had a substantial number of cases at 3,393,239, while Southeast Asia reported 2,476,546 cases.
  • Oceania had 26,404 cases, and the North Africa & Middle East region recorded 2,085,190 cases.
  • South Asia had the highest number of cases at 5,272,409.
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, Southern sub-Saharan Africa reported 383,628 cases, and Western sub-Saharan Africa had 1,376,947 cases. Eastern sub-Saharan Africa recorded 1,520,535 cases, and Central sub-Saharan Africa had 272,787 cases.

(Source: Statista)

Epileptics Statistics

Number of Epileptics Cases – By Country Statistics

  • In 2016, the number of epilepsy cases varied widely among different countries.
  • India reported the highest number, with 3,934,737 cases, followed by China with 3,261,138 cases.
  • The United States recorded 1,181,207 cases, while Brazil had 825,349 cases, and Mexico reported 727,028 cases.
  • Pakistan had 690,645 cases, and Nigeria reported 577,948 cases.
  • In Germany, there were 429,396 cases, while Egypt had 347,306 cases.
  • France recorded 304,489 cases, and South Africa had 294,658 cases.
  • Russia reported 288,899 cases, and Thailand had 279,933 cases.
  • Japan recorded 247,249 cases, while the United Kingdom had 221,727 cases.
  • Italy reported 163,995 cases, and South Korea had 107,821 cases.
  • Spain recorded 105,520 cases, Canada had 84,838 cases, and Australia reported 55,674 cases.

(Source: Statista)

Epileptics Statistics

Deaths Due to Epilepsy Statistics

Number of Deaths Due to Epilepsy – By Country Statistics

  • In 2016, the number of deaths due to epilepsy varied significantly across different countries.
  • India reported the highest number, with 34,253 deaths, followed by China with 12,779 deaths.
  • South Africa recorded 4,429 deaths, while Nigeria had 3,772 deaths, and Pakistan reported 3,580 deaths.
  • Brazil had 2,495 deaths, Germany recorded 2,308 deaths, and the United States reported 2,076 deaths.
  • Mexico had 1,989 deaths, and France reported 1,703 deaths.
  • The United Kingdom recorded 1,123 deaths, while Russia had 882 deaths, and Italy reported 730 deaths.
  • Thailand recorded 693 deaths, Japan had 681 deaths, and South Korea reported 535 deaths.
  • Egypt had 498 deaths, while Spain recorded 452 deaths, Canada reported 314 deaths, and Australia had 293 deaths.

(Source: Statista)

Epileptics Statistics

Epidemiology of Epilepsy Statistics

Incidence and Prevalence of Epilepsy – By Sex and Age Statistics

  • Epilepsy is most prevalent among the youngest and oldest age brackets, with an estimated annual incidence of 86 per 100,000 infants. Gradually decreasing to 23–31 per 100,000 among individuals aged 30–59 years and then rising again to 180 per 100,000 in those over 85 years old.
  • Among children, epilepsy is most common during infancy and declines to levels typical of adults by age 10.
  • In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), epilepsy peaks in childhood. Potentially due to underreporting in older adults and demographic factors specific to these regions.

(Source: Karger)

Active Epilepsy Cases – By Age Statistics

  • As of 2015, the number of active epilepsy cases in the United States varied across different age groups.
  • There were 803,000 cases among individuals aged 18-34 years.
  • The age group of 35-54 years had a higher prevalence, with 867,000 cases.
  • Among those aged 55-64 years, there were 540,000 active epilepsy cases.
  • In the population older than 65 years, the number of active epilepsy cases was 404,000.

(Source: Statista)

Epilepsy Incidence and Prevalence – By Seizure Type Statistics

  • Focal seizures, particularly focal impaired awareness seizures. These are the most common seizure types across all age groups, comprising about 36% of all seizure cases.
  • However, in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), generalized tonic-clonic seizures are frequently reported due to under-recognition and limited diagnostic resources for other seizure types.
  • Status epilepticus (SE) shows varying annual incidences ranging from 6.8 to 41 per 100,000. With peaks observed in children under one-year-old and elderly individuals. Reflecting differences in population characteristics, diagnostic accuracy, underlying causes, and criteria for inclusion of acute symptomatic seizures.

(Source: Karger)

Incidence and Prevalence – By Epilepsy Type Statistics

  • In a study conducted two decades ago among a US population, focal epilepsies of unknown cause were the most prevalent among newly diagnosed cases of epilepsy (17.5 cases per 100,000 annually). Followed closely by symptomatic partial epilepsies (17.2), and epilepsies of unknown origin (9.7).
  • Symptomatic or cryptogenic epilepsies accounted for 4.0 cases, idiopathic generalized epilepsies for 3.7, and idiopathic partial epilepsies for 0.2.
  • The proportion of epilepsies with unknown causes has remained largely unchanged in recent years, especially in high-income countries (HIC).
  • Among children, the age at onset was significantly associated with the underlying cause of epilepsy. Around half of the cases had identifiable causes, with 28% attributed to structural or metabolic factors. Predominantly seen when seizures began before 12 months of age, and 22% were presumed to be genetic, typically associated with older age at onset.
  • A specific epilepsy syndrome was identifiable in 28% of cases at initial diagnosis.

(Source: Karger)

Incidence and Prevalence of Epilepsy – By Race and Ethnicity Statistics

  • Hispanic individuals have a higher prevalence of epilepsy compared to non-Hispanic individuals.
  • Active epilepsy is more prevalent among white individuals than among Black individuals.
  • In 2014, approximately 1.5% of Asian Americans were living with epilepsy.
  • Around 375,000 African Americans are affected by active epilepsy.

(Source: Epilepsy Foundation)

Epilepsy Monitoring Devices Market Overview

Global Epilepsy Monitoring Devices Market Size Statistics

  • The global epilepsy monitoring devices market has shown a steady growth trajectory from 2023 to 2033 at a CAGR of 6.0%.
  • In 2023, the market was valued at USD 4.2 billion, and it is projected to grow to USD 4.4 billion in 2024.
  • By 2025, the market is expected to reach USD 4.6 billion. Followed by an increase to USD 5.0 billion in 2026.
  • The growth continues, with the market reaching USD 5.3 billion in 2027 and USD 5.6 billion in 2028.
  • In 2029, the market is projected to be valued at USD 5.8 billion. Further increasing to USD 6.2 billion in 2030.
  • The upward trend continues, with the market reaching USD 6.5 billion in 2031, USD 6.9 billion in 2032, and culminating at USD 7.4 billion by 2033.

(Source: marketresearch.biz)

Global Epileptics Monitoring Devices Market Size – By Product Type Statistics


  • The global epilepsy monitoring devices market, segmented by product type, demonstrates notable growth from 2023 to 2033.
  • In 2023, the total market size was USD 4.2 billion, with conventional devices accounting for USD 2.07 billion and wearable devices contributing USD 2.13 billion.
  • By 2024, the market will increase to USD 4.4 billion. With conventional devices at USD 2.17 billion and wearable devices at USD 2.23 billion.
  • The trend continued in 2025, reaching USD 4.6 billion. With conventional devices at USD 2.27 billion and wearable devices at USD 2.33 billion.
  • In 2026, the market size grew to USD 5.0 billion, with USD 2.47 billion from conventional devices and USD 2.54 billion from wearable devices.
  • The upward trend persisted in 2027, with the market reaching USD 5.3 billion. Comprising USD 2.61 billion in conventional devices and USD 2.69 billion in wearable devices.


  • By 2028, the market size was USD 5.6 billion, with conventional devices at USD 2.76 billion and wearable devices at USD 2.84 billion.
  • In 2029, the market grew to USD 5.8 billion, with USD 2.86 billion from conventional devices and USD 2.94 billion from wearable devices.
  • In 2030, the market size was USD 6.2 billion, with conventional devices contributing USD 3.06 billion and wearable devices USD 3.14 billion.
  • By 2031, the market reached USD 6.5 billion, with conventional devices at USD 3.20 billion and wearable devices at USD 3.30 billion.
  • In 2032, the market grew to USD 6.9 billion, with USD 3.40 billion from conventional devices and USD 3.50 billion from wearable devices.
  • Finally, in 2033, the market size was USD 7.4 billion, with conventional devices contributing USD 3.65 billion and wearable devices USD 3.75 billion.

(Source: marketresearch.biz)

Epileptics Statistics

Global Epileptics Treatment Market Overview Statistics

Global Epileptics Treatment Market Size Statistics

  • The global epilepsy treatment market has experienced consistent growth from 2023 to 2033 at a CAGR of 7.7%.
  • In 2023, the market was valued at USD 6.5 billion, rising to USD 7.0 billion in 2024.
  • The upward trend continued in 2025, with the market reaching USD 7.5 billion, followed by an increase to USD 8.2 billion in 2026.
  • By 2027, the market had grown to USD 8.9 billion and further increased to USD 9.5 billion in 2028.
  • In 2029, the market size reached USD 10.0 billion, and in 2030, it grew to USD 10.7 billion.
  • The growth trajectory persisted, with the market reaching USD 11.4 billion in 2031 and USD 12.3 billion in 2032, culminating at USD 13.4 billion by 2033.

(Source: marketresearch.biz)

Popular Antiepileptic Drugs Statistics

Leading Antiepileptic Drugs Dispensed

  • In 2023, the leading antiepileptic drugs dispensed in England were dominated by Pregabalin, with 9,083,461 items dispensed.
  • Gabapentin followed closely with 7,414,922 items.
  • Lamotrigine was the third most dispensed drug, with 3,778,063 items, while Levetiracetam accounted for 2,973,628 items.
  • Sodium valproate was dispensed 2,311,110 times, and Carbamazepine followed with 2,095,164 items.
  • Topiramate had 1,172,160 items dispensed, and Clonazepam accounted for 1,058,827 items.
  • Phenytoin sodium and Clonazepam rounded out the list, with 513,659 and 386,265 items dispensed, respectively.

(Source: Statista)

Epileptics Statistics

Clinical Trials for Epileptics Statistics

  • As of April 27, 2023, the clinical landscape for epilepsy treatment is marked by a substantial number of ongoing trials across various phases.
  • There are currently 17 trials in the Early Phase 1 stage, with an additional 157 trials in Phase 1.
  • The number of trials increases in the subsequent phases, with 275 trials in Phase 2 and 327 trials in Phase 3.
  • In the final phase, Phase 4, there are 145 trials.
  • Additionally, 469 trials are classified as not applicable to the standard phase categorization.
  • This distribution reflects a robust effort in the clinical research community to explore and validate new therapeutic options for epilepsy.

(Source: clinicaltrail.gov)

Effectiveness of Epileptics Medications Statistics

According to Age

  • As of 2015, the effectiveness of epilepsy medication in achieving seizure-free status among U.S. adults varied significantly across different age groups.
  • Among adults aged 18 to 34 years, 42.30% reported becoming seizure-free with epilepsy medication.
  • In the age group of 35 to 54 years, 36.90% of individuals experienced seizure freedom.
  • A slightly higher success rate was observed in adults aged 55 to 64 years, with 43.70% achieving seizure-free status.
  • The highest percentage was seen in individuals older than 65 years, where 62.70% of patients with epilepsy became seizure-free with medication.
  • These statistics highlight the varying levels of medication efficacy across different age demographics.

(Source: Statista)

By Gender

  • As of 2015, the effectiveness of epilepsy medication in achieving seizure-free status among U.S. adults showed minimal variation between genders.
  • Among men with epilepsy, 43.70% reported becoming seizure-free with the use of medication.
  • Similarly, 43.50% of women with epilepsy achieved seizure-free status through medication.
  • These statistics indicate a nearly equal efficacy of epilepsy medication in managing seizures for both men and women.

(Source: Statista)

Cost of Epileptics Medications Statistics

  • The pricing of various antiepileptic medications varies significantly between brand-name and generic versions.
  • For instance, Aptiom, a brand-name eslicarbazepine acetate, costs $1,010.09 for thirty 400-mg tablets, while no generic alternative exists.
  • In contrast, generic carbamazepine costs $34.94 for sixty 200-mg tablets, significantly cheaper than brand-name Carbatrol at $113.32.
  • Valproic acid, marketed as Depakene and Depakote, costs $450.30 and $579.50, respectively, for ninety tablets of different strengths, whereas generic versions are priced at $16.77 for the same quantity.
  • Brand-name medications like Fycompa and Aptiom lack generic alternatives, leading to higher costs, such as $3,985.56 for 120 tablets of Fycompa.
  • Conversely, generic alternatives like levetiracetam cost $9 for sixty tablets, providing more affordable options for patients and healthcare providers alike.

(Source: Healthline)

Epileptics Price Trends Statistics

  • According to a recent University of Michigan study published in Neurology, the cost of brand-name drugs for epilepsy covered by Medicare surged by 277% from 2010 to 2018.
  • In contrast, during the same period, Medicare expenditures on generic epilepsy drugs declined by 42%.
  • The study analyzed data from a 20% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries, ranging from 2008 to 2018, comprising between 77,000 to 133,000 individuals with epilepsy annually.
  • Over this decade, annual per-patient costs for brand-name epilepsy medications rose sharply from $2,800 to $10,700, while costs for generic drugs decreased from $800 to $460.
  • The increase in prescriptions for lacosamide contributed significantly to the rise in brand-name drug costs, accounting for 45% of the total increase.
  • The study also noted a decline in the use of older, first-generation epilepsy drugs and enzyme-inducing medications known for their potential drug interactions, which decreased in prevalence over the same period.

(Source: University of Michigan – Neurology Magazine)

Initiatives for the Development of Anti Epilepsy Medications

  • Several initiatives are underway to advance the development of antiepileptic medications.
  • The Epilepsy Foundation’s Epilepsy Pipeline Tracker is a prominent program that monitors the progress of new therapies, including drugs, devices, and treatments for epilepsy, thereby accelerating the development and approval process.
  • Additionally, the organization supports research through grants and collaborations aimed at discovering innovative treatments for epilepsy and seizures.
  • CURE Epilepsy is another key player, funding projects that explore cutting-edge approaches like implantable devices, which offer hope for those with treatment-resistant epilepsy.
  • These devices, including responsive neurostimulation and deep brain stimulation, represent significant advancements in understanding and controlling seizures.
  • Moreover, pharmaceutical companies, under the guidance of organizations like PhRMA, are actively developing nearly 450 new medications for neurological disorders, with a focus on 28 specific epilepsy treatments​​​​​​.

(Sources: Epilepsy Foundation, Cure Epilepsy)

Investments in the Development of Anti Epilepsy Medications

  • Investments in the development of anti-epilepsy medications are significant and growing.
  • In 2024, the UK government announced a £45 million investment in research for epilepsy, cancer, and dementia, which aims to accelerate the development of new treatments.
  • Additionally, companies like Marinus Pharmaceuticals, Xenon Pharmaceuticals, Cerevel Therapeutics, and Stoke Therapeutics are heavily investing in innovative drugs.
  • Marinus has invested millions in Ganaxolone, which targets rare pediatric epilepsy.
  • Xenon is focusing on treatments for focal epilepsy, while Cerevel and Stoke are developing therapies for photosensitive epilepsy and Dravet syndrome, respectively.

(Sources: Epilepsy Action, Safe Minds)

Research for Anti-Epileptics Medications and Treatments Statistics

  • Recent advancements in the treatment of epilepsy have focused on innovative drug therapies and novel surgical approaches aimed at improving outcomes for patients with drug-resistant forms of the condition.
  • Notably, research from Stanford Medicine has identified the fasciola cinereum, a previously overlooked region of the hippocampus, as a crucial area involved in seizure activity.
  • This discovery suggests that targeting this region could enhance surgical planning and treatment effectiveness for those unresponsive to traditional surgery.
  • Additionally, new medications such as XEN1101, a potassium channel opener, have shown promise in clinical trials, offering relief to patients with focal epilepsy.
  • Furthermore, nearly 28 new drugs are currently in development, reflecting significant investment and commitment from the pharmaceutical industry towards advancing epilepsy treatment options.
  • These efforts highlight a comprehensive approach, combining pharmacological innovations and surgical advancements to manage epilepsy better and improve patient quality of life​​​​​​​​.

(Source: Stanford Medicine, Science Daily, Epilepsy Foundation)

Initiatives to Raise Awareness Against Epileptics Statistics

  • Several initiatives have been launched globally to raise awareness about epilepsy, focusing on education, stigma reduction, and support for those affected.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Bureau for Epilepsy (IBE) spearheaded the Intersectoral Global Action Plan on Epilepsy (IGAP), aiming to improve care and reduce stigma.
  • Key activities include the “50 Million Steps for Epilepsy” campaign, encouraging people to walk steps symbolically representing the 50 million people living with epilepsy, thereby raising awareness and funds.
  • Additionally, International Epilepsy Day, celebrated annually on the second Monday of February, involves various events like webinars, educational activities, and public engagements to promote understanding and support.
  • In March, initiatives like Purple Day further amplify awareness through global participation, with landmarks illuminated in purple and personal stories shared to humanize and destigmatize the condition​​​​​​​​.

(Sources: International League Against Epilepsy, Epilepsy Foundation, 50 Million Steps, Canadian Epilepsy Alliance (CEA))

Regulations for Anti-Epileptics Medications and Treatments Statistics

  • Regulations for anti-epilepsy medications and treatments vary by country, reflecting local healthcare policies and safety considerations.
  • In the United States, the FDA requires stringent clinical trials and post-marketing surveillance to ensure the safety and efficacy of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs).
  • In the UK, the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) enforces guidelines restricting the use of certain medications, such as sodium valproate, especially in women of childbearing age, unless no alternative is suitable due to risks to the fetus.
  • In Australia, the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) mandates comprehensive labeling and risk management plans for AEDs.
  • European countries generally follow EMA guidelines, which emphasize patient safety and the need for risk minimization strategies, particularly regarding the use of AEDs during pregnancy.
  • Across these regions, common regulations include detailed patient information leaflets, pregnancy prevention programs, and specific contraindications to mitigate potential risks associated with antiepileptic treatments​​​​​​​​.

(Source: International League Against Epilepsy, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Epilepsy Foundation, Epilepsy Action)

Recent Developments

Acquisitions and Mergers:

  • UCB acquires Engage Therapeutics: In mid-2023, UCB completed its acquisition of Engage Therapeutics for $125 million. Engage Therapeutics is known for its innovative Staccato Alprazolam, a drug-device combination for the rapid termination of active epileptic seizures.
  • Jazz Pharmaceuticals acquires GW Pharmaceuticals: Jazz Pharmaceuticals finalized its $7.2 billion acquisition of GW Pharmaceuticals in late 2022. GW Pharmaceuticals is renowned for its development of Epidiolex, the first FDA-approved cannabidiol (CBD) medication for epilepsy.

New Product Launches:

  • Eisai’s Fycompa (Perampanel): In early 2024, Eisai launched an extended-release version of Fycompa, an anti-seizure medication that provides once-daily dosing to improve compliance and seizure control in patients with epilepsy.
  • Medtronic’s Next-Gen Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Device: Medtronic introduced its latest DBS device for epilepsy in mid-2023. This next-generation device offers enhanced precision in targeting seizure activity and improved patient monitoring capabilities.


  • NeuroPace raises $100 million: NeuroPace, a company specializing in responsive neurostimulation devices for epilepsy, secured $100 million in a funding round in 2023 to expand its R&D efforts and enhance its RNS System, which helps reduce seizure frequency.
  • Biohaven Pharmaceuticals secures $250 million: In early 2024, Biohaven Pharmaceuticals raised $250 million to support the development and commercialization of its innovative epilepsy treatments, including new formulations of existing drugs and novel therapeutic approaches.

Technological Advancements:

  • Wearable Seizure Detection Devices: Advances in wearable technology have led to the development of more accurate and reliable seizure detection devices. These devices use AI and machine learning to monitor physiological signals and alert caregivers in real time, improving patient safety.
  • Gene Therapy for Epilepsy: Research in gene therapy is making significant strides, with experimental treatments showing promise in reducing or eliminating seizures by targeting the genetic causes of epilepsy.

Market Dynamics:

  • Growth in Epilepsy Treatment Market: The global epilepsy treatment market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 6.5% from 2023 to 2028, driven by increasing prevalence, rising awareness, and advancements in treatment options.
  • Increased Focus on Pediatric Epilepsy: There is a growing focus on developing treatments for pediatric epilepsy, as children represent a significant portion of the epilepsy patient population. Efforts are being made to create safer and more effective therapies for this demographic.

Regulatory and Strategic Developments:

  • FDA Approvals: In 2023, the FDA approved several new treatments for epilepsy, including new drug formulations and medical devices, expanding the options available to patients and healthcare providers.
  • European Medicines Agency (EMA) Initiatives: The EMA has launched initiatives to expedite the review and approval of new epilepsy treatments, aiming to bring innovative therapies to market faster and address unmet medical needs.

Research and Development:

  • New Anti-Seizure Medications: R&D efforts are focused on discovering new anti-seizure medications with improved efficacy and fewer side effects. Several promising candidates are currently in various stages of clinical trials.
  • Neurostimulation Therapies: Research is ongoing to refine neurostimulation therapies, such as vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) and responsive neurostimulation (RNS), to provide better seizure control and improve the quality of life for epilepsy patients.


Epileptics Statistics – Epilepsy is a complex neurological disorder that affects millions of people worldwide and is characterized by recurrent seizures.

Despite the challenges it poses, significant advancements in research, treatment, and understanding have greatly improved the quality of life for many individuals with epilepsy.

Ongoing developments include new medications such as XEN1101 and innovative treatments like neurostimulation devices, which offer hope for those with treatment-resistant epilepsy​​​​​​.

Additionally, substantial investments in research, such as the £45 million initiative by the UK government, underscore the global commitment to finding more effective therapies and, ultimately, a cure​​​​.

With continued efforts from medical professionals, researchers, and support organizations, the future holds promise for further breakthroughs in epilepsy management and care.


What is epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizures. Seizures are sudden surges of electrical activity in the brain that can affect behavior, movements, feelings, and consciousness.

What causes epilepsy?

A variety of factors, including genetic predisposition, brain injury, stroke, infections, and developmental disorders, can cause epilepsy. However, in many cases, the exact cause is unknown​​​​.

What are the different types of seizures?

Seizures are broadly categorized into focal seizures (originating in one part of the brain) and generalized seizures (affecting both hemispheres of the brain). Types of seizures include tonic-clonic (grand mal), absence (petit mal), and myoclonic seizures, among others​​.

How is epilepsy diagnosed?

Diagnosis typically involves a combination of medical history review, neurological exams, and diagnostic tests such as electroencephalogram (EEG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computed tomography (CT) scans to monitor brain activity and structure​​.

What treatments are available for epilepsy?

Treatment options include antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), lifestyle modifications, and, in some cases, surgery. Newer treatments such as neurostimulation devices (e.g., Vagus Nerve Stimulation, Responsive Neurostimulation) and dietary therapies (e.g., ketogenic diet) are also used​​​​.

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Samruddhi Yardi

Samruddhi Yardi

Samruddhi Yardi has done her MBA in Marketing, and after working in sales for 4+ years, she has shifted to the market research industry.

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