Even though global leaders met in Glasgow last week for the United Nations Climate Change Conference, Greta Thunberg stated that transformation will not come from within the summit’s walls. “This is commitment,” Thunberg declared of and to her fellow campaigners. “This is what it means to be a leader.” According to numerous environmentalist activists, like Thunberg, they are the ones who helped establish the room for authorities to undertake more dramatic measures on the global warming issue that has sparked raising concerns throughout the world’s mature economies, even from a majority of Americans.
They have been praised for increasing public awareness regarding the severity of the climate problem and the necessity for authorities to address it through marches, school protests, and other peaceful measures. Notwithstanding these efforts, several climate campaigners that were met with lately expressed disappointment that COP26 was not addressing the gravity of this situation. One important issue confronting today’s climatic change campaign is determining what crucial mass is necessary to force governments to take their objectives more seriously. In fact, there is no magic number that will tilt the scales in favor of comprehensive climate conservation.
However, numerous environmental activists have campaigned with a specific percentage in mind: 3.5%. This is based on the findings of political scientist Erica Chenoweth, who discovered that peaceful organizations require the active engagement of at least 3.5% of a community to accomplish significant political transformation. This so-called 3.5% rule was created from Chenoweth’s analysis of hundreds of demonstrations from 1900 to 2006, and it has influenced modern organizations such as the Extinction Rebellion, an international climate-advocacy group based in London whose leaders credit Chenoweth as an inspiration.
If 3.5% of the world’s population supports a single cause or proposed policy, it is a sizable enough voting group, demand for products, and employment to make those in power take notice. This type of effect has already been proved by environmental campaigns. Fridays for Futures, which Thunberg launched in 2018 as a solo school protest in criticism of environmental inactivity, has subsequently drawn the attention of millions of people worldwide, earning Thunberg an international audience as well as high-profile encounters with global leaders and international bodies.
Extinction Rebellion is attributed for impacting Parliament’s 2019 resolution to proclaim an environmental crisis and pledge to achieve net-zero carbon output by 2050, making Britain the first developed nation to do so. In the U. S., the youth-led Sunrise Movement has received widespread acclaim for its role in bringing the climate crisis to the forefront of public debate.