A large-scale study has found that more and more people around the world are dealing with high blood pressure now these days. Health experts who have been involved in the study have claimed that the number of people who are above 30 years suffering from high blood pressure or hypertension has increased twofold across the world in the last 30 years. Experts have revealed that more than half of them do not have proper treatment and care for the condition despite many inexpensive and easy treatments are available around the world. Health experts have said that a healthy diet, exercise, and medication can help reduce blood pressure. The study has noted that people who are living in low-income or middle-income countries do not even get their blood pressure checked on a regular basis. They do not have even a basic level of care. As per the World Health Organization (WHO), hypertension leads to 8.5 million deaths per year. Health experts have said that high blood pressure can lead to many severe health issues such as stroke, Heart attack, and organ failure such as kidney failure. The authors of the study have used data from 200 countries from 1990 to 2019. The age group of participants who have been enrolled in the study has been 30 to 79 years. Experts have collected the data from participants’ hypertension treatment and blood pressure measurement. The study has been led by Dr. Majid Ezzati, who is a global health expert at Imperial College London. The global team of experts has found that more than a billion adults have been dealing with high blood pressure in 2019. Experts have said that the number of people dealing with high blood pressure has been 648 million in 1990. The findings of the study have been reported in the Lancet Medical Journal.
The authors of the study have defined high blood pressure as constantly having systolic blood pressure 140 mm hg or above and diastolic blood pressure 90 mm hg or above or being on medication for high blood pressure. They have said that high blood pressure does not lead to any symptoms on its own; however, severe hypertension can lead to major damage in the body and harm the cardiovascular system with time. When hypertension starts affecting the cardiovascular system, it shoots up the risk of heart attack, kidney failure, and stroke. In 2018, high blood pressure has contributed to around 500000 deaths in the US, said the experts. The lead author of the study has said that policies such as access to a healthy diet, making fruits and veggies more affordable, and enhancing early diagnosis by intensifying universal health and primary care plans and access to medicine should be executed and funded properly to contain the epidemic of high blood pressure in low and middle-income nations. Dr. Majid Ezzati has claimed that several rich nations such as Canada, Switzerland, Spain, and the UK have been found with an all-time low number of people who have been dealing with hypertension. Nevertheless, low and middle-income countries like Paraguay, Poland, Croatia, and Hungary have recorded a high number of people with high blood pressure. The study has noted that Canada and Peru have been found with low rates of high blood pressure in the study. The study has reported that the prevalence of high blood pressure has been extensively high across central and Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Oceania, Southern Africa, the Caribbean, and some nations in Latin America. The authors of the study have found that a third of men and women in the age group of 30 to 79 years across the world have been suffering from high blood pressure.
This study has been done by experts from NCD Risk Factor Collaboration that is a network of scientists, who study the frequency of major contributors of non-contagious illnesses across the world. This network works in association with the World Health Organization (WHO) along with experts from Imperial College London. The study intends to offer the first measures of high blood pressure and how it is detected, treated, and contained in different countries around the world. The authors of the study have analyzed the data from 1200 studies that have been done on more than 100 million people from 200 countries. Health experts have said that a diet that is high in sodium content and a lack of exercise can lead to high blood pressure. Other risk factors such as diabetes as well can increase the risk of developing high blood pressure. The lead author of the study has said that along with lifestyle changes, there is a wide range of medicines that can help control blood pressure. However, experts have noted that only 20 percent of people around the world have been able to manage their blood pressure well. Untreated high blood pressure and poorly controlled blood pressure can shoot up the risk of many other health issues as well. The study has shown that more than 50 percent of women have been diagnosed with hypertension in Paraguay and Tuvalu in 2019. On the other hand, more than 50 percent of men have been living with high blood pressure in nine countries such as Argentina, Hungary, and Paraguay. Experts have said that more than a billion people dealing with hypertension might be living in low and middle-income nations. Experts have claimed that the US has secured 38th place in the list of nations with the lowest frequency of high blood pressure in 2019. However, there is no major difference in the frequency of hypertension in the US since 1990. In 2019, around 29 percent of women and 34 percent of men have been found to be living with high blood pressure in the US. The country has secured 4th place in access to treatment as nearly 73 percent of hypertension patients are said to have proper access to care in the US. Leading health organizations in the US have suggested that having a minimum 130/80 reading should be defined as hypertension. Despite these suggestions, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported that nearly 45 percent of adults in the US who are above 18 years have been living with high blood pressure.